Personal Data

Ireland: Irish Court of Appeal Clarifies Boundaries of Concept of Personal Data

Summary The Irish Court of Appeal has clarified the scope of the definition of personal data – noting that, while the definition is deliberately very broad, it does not facilitate access by an individual to reports stemming from a complaint for the sole reason that the complaint was made by that individual. On 1 July …

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Russia: Penalties for Violation of Data Localization Rules are Dramatically Increased

Many companies have scrambled to comply with Russia’s peculiar Data Localization Rules since their enactment in 2015.  While these rules apply to a wide range of companies handling Russian personal data both in Russia and abroad, the penalties for non-compliance were traditionally limited only to blocking of the data operator’s websites.  This somewhat abstract penalty, …

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