Tag Archive: discrimination

Limitation of the extension of an employment relationship beyond the statutory age limit is permissible

The European Court of Justice has ruled that the limitation of the extension of an employment relationship beyond the statutory age limit is permissible and does not constitutes an abuse of fixed-term employment contracts. The case: A teacher in Bremen had reached the statutory retirement age and, according to the applicable collective bargaining agreement, the …

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Commencement of the „two months period“ for asserting claims for damages due to a violation of the General Act on Equal Treatment

On 29 June 2017 the Federal Labour Court ruled that a “rejection of an application” by a company requires an explicit or implied statement from the company that can be interpreted by the applicant in the way that his application was not successful. Only if such statement is received the two months period for asserting …

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Are workers in minor employment entitled to occupational pensions?

In an interesting appeal to the Federal Labour Court (docket number 3 AZR 83/16) the services trade union ver.di had been called upon by a female employee – who had originally been employed by the union Deutsche Postgewerkschaft since 1991 and had been working for the defendant since its merger with ver.di in 2001 – …

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Discriminatory job advertisement – No claim for damages if applicant was not “seriously” applying for the job

If an applicant applies for a job solely to bring a claim then he will have no claim for damages, even if the job advertisement violates the General Act on Equal Treatment (judgement of the Munich labour court dated 24 November 2016, docket number 173 C 8860/16). A company advertised a voluntary job at a …

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New Act on Remuneration Transparency

Following up our blog post from December 19, 2016 where we reported about a legislative proposal to promote equal pay between women and men, the Remuneration Transparency Act has now entered into force. Arguing that women still earn 7 % less than men even if statistics account for women frequently working part-time, less often climbing …

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Employer May Ban Employees From Wearing Headscarves

In a recent ruling made on March 14, 2017, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) decided (docket nos. C-157/15, C-188/15) that employers may prohibit staff from wearing Islamic headscarves under certain circumstances. The ECJ held that such prohibitions do not constitute “direct discrimination”; instead, limits on visible religious wear shall be considered permitted under EU …

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Remuneration Transparency Act: A look ahead

The coalition committee set the outline for a Remuneration Transparency Act in October 2016, thereby affirming that the current gender pay gap between men and women is no longer acceptable. The Act is planned to come into force in summer 2017. The draft law expressly states that it aims to promote and enforce the equal …

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Too fat to work? 200kg employee is fighting against his dismissal

On June 27, 2016 the Higher Labour Court (Landesarbeitsgericht Düsseldorf, docket number 7 Sa 120/16) had to decide whether the termination of employment of a man weighing 200 kg is justified. The defendant worked in a landscaping, civil engineering and canal construction business. Besides the plaintiff, who has worked for the defendant since 1985, the …

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Failure of a public employer to invite a severely disabled individual to a job interview does not always indicate an unlawful discrimination

Sec. 82 sentence 2 of Volume IX of the German Social Code (SGB IX) states that if a severely disabled person has applied for a job with a public employer or they have been suggested by the Federal Labour Office (Bundesagentur für Arbeit), they must be invited to an interview. Failure to invite a severely …

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EU anti-discrimination law does not apply to artificial applications

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled on 28 July 2016 (docket number: C-423/15) that a person cannot claim discrimination protection if the person is artificially applying for a post with the essential aim of not actually taking up that post but only in order to bring claims for compensation. The plaintiff (Mr Kratzer) has …

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