Legislation

Change in Work Constitution Act to Increase Employee Representation

Following a legislative reform earlier this year, flight crews’ rights to obtain employee representation through a works council have been improved. While employees from (almost) all fields of work can choose to elect a works council, sec. 117 of the Works Constitution Act formerly provided for an exemption for flight crews. Flight crews were only able to establish an employee representative body if their collective bargaining agreement provided for such representation. Consequently, only flight crews …

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Crowd Working and the Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions Directive

On 16 April the European Parliament voted to approve the Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions Directive, which is aimed at strengthening the rights of workers and improving working conditions by promoting more transparent and predictable employment whilst ensuring labour market adaptability. The Directive applies in particular to platform workers (aka crowd workers), but also covers workers including those in casual or short-term employment, on-demand workers, intermittent workers, and voucher-based workers. Genuinely self-employed persons should not …

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Employees Cannot Claim Default Lump Sums for Late Wages

Anyone who fails to pay his debts on time and comes into default of his payment obligations must pay default interest. In addition, the creditor may demand a lump sum for default costs in the amount of EUR 40.00 due to sec. 288 para. 5 of the German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, BGB) if the debtor is an entrepreneur. As of the introduction of that regulation by the legislator in 2014, it has been disputed …

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Change of case law for time limit contracts – Time limit without reason in case of previous employment always inadmissible

  I. General Problems of time limit contracts The agreement on a time limit for the employment contract often leads to problems in practical use. Caution is, however, required, since a fixed term is only permitted under special statutory conditions. If these reasons are not available and nevertheless a – impermissible – time limit is agreed, then the employment agreement with the limited term shall be deemed to have been concluded for an indefinite period …

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Commission adopts proposals for a European Labour Authority

The European Commission is taking more concrete new initiatives to further deliver on the European Pillar of Social Rights. More specifically, the Commission has presented its proposal for a European Labour Authority, as announced by President Juncker in 2017, as well as an initiative to ensure access to social protection for all workers and self-employed. Over the last decade, the number of mobile citizens, people living and/or working in another Member State, has almost doubled …

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Return from part-time to full time employment – new legislative initiative planned to become effective in 2019

Not long ago, the former German government failed to implement a right to return from part-time to full-time employment for employees. In May 2017, former German Secretary of Employment, Andrea Nahles, had to admit that her party’s plan to strengthen employee rights had not been implemented. Just recently, the tide has turned: After the new government was formed, the Social Democratic Party and its new Secretary of Employment, Hubertus Heil, were able to announce a …

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Employment Law in the New Coalition Agreement – What plans does the new German Government have?

Finally, Germany gets a new government – that is sure since the membership decision of the Social Democrats (SPD) ended successfully. Already on 7th February, the SPD and the Christian Democrats (CDU) had agreed on a coalition agreement in which they plan important projects for the next four years. Of course, this 179-page contract also contains some pages on employment law. For this reason, the projects planned in the next few years should be presented …

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Hurdles at the temporal limits of work contracts – When is a fixed-term contract valid?

In practice, fixed-term contracts lead to practical problems in a large number of cases. On the one hand, this is because they demand a variety of formalities (see our article from July 24 ). On the other hand, however, it is even more difficult to determine whether it is possible to limit the work contract temporarily at all. Both a limitation with and without reason are acknowledged. Both are apparent from the directive 1999/70/EC concerning …

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New Act on Remuneration Transparency

Following up our blog post from December 19, 2016 where we reported about a legislative proposal to promote equal pay between women and men, the Remuneration Transparency Act has now entered into force. Arguing that women still earn 7 % less than men even if statistics account for women frequently working part-time, less often climbing up the career ladder and rather working in social professions with lower salaries, the German Government felt that at least …

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Update on reforms of the Maternity Protection Act

Following up on one of our blog posts last May, the German Parliament approved reforms of the Maternity Protection Act on 30 March 2017. The reforms are, however, still subject to the approval of the German Federal Council. One of the key changes will be an extension of the scope of protection, as a result of which schoolgirls, interns and students will also be entitled to statutory protection. The period of protection of mothers after …

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Revision of the Law on Temporary Work from 1 April 2017

The German Parliament (Bundestag), with the approval of the Federal Council (Bundesrat), has passed amendments to the “Law on Temporary Work”. The new rules will enter into force on 1 April 2017 and do not only have impact on leasing personnel but also on work and service contracts. The key changes introduced by the reform are summarized as follows: The deployment of temporary workers to the same hirer is limited to a maximum duration of …

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Revisions to the Maternity Protection Act

Recently, the German Federal Cabinet approved a draft law which will amend the Maternity Protection Act (Mutterschutzgesetz). According to the coalition’s plans, the reform will come into force on 1 January 2017. The key changes are: Increase of the period of protection (during which women cannot work) after the birth of a child with disabilities up to 12 weeks; Maternity leave for schoolgirls and students, and during internships; Similar level of protection throughout different professional …

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