Fixed-term employment

Change of case law for time limit contracts – Time limit without reason in case of previous employment always inadmissible

  I. General Problems of time limit contracts The agreement on a time limit for the employment contract often leads to problems in practical use. Caution is, however, required, since a fixed term is only permitted under special statutory conditions. If these reasons are not available and nevertheless a – impermissible – time limit is agreed, then the employment agreement with the limited term shall be deemed to have been concluded for an indefinite period …

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Fixed-term employment contract for actor in crime series – justified due to the specific characteristics of the work performance

According to the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) the employment contract of an actor in a crime series can be fixed-term according to Section 14 para 1 sentence 2 no. 4 of the German Part-Time Employment Act given the factual reason of the specific characteristics of the work as an actor (dated 30 August 2017, docket number: 7 AZR 864/15). The plaintiff, an actor, worked for a production firm in a crime series in the …

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Limitation of the extension of an employment relationship beyond the statutory age limit is permissible

The European Court of Justice has ruled that the limitation of the extension of an employment relationship beyond the statutory age limit is permissible and does not constitutes an abuse of fixed-term employment contracts. The case: A teacher in Bremen had reached the statutory retirement age and, according to the applicable collective bargaining agreement, the employment relationship with the city of Bremen would have ended with the achievement of the statutory retirement age. However, the …

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Peak performances of professional soccer player up to retirement not to be expected

In February 2016 we reported on a ruling of the Higher Labour Court Rheinland-Pfalz (Landesarbeitsgericht, LAG) in regard to a case of a goalkeeper who sued his former Bundesliga soccer club for unlimited employment and payment of missed bonuses (https://blogs.dlapiper.com/employmentgermany/2016/02/18/no-second-bosman-total-relief-at-bundesliga/). Almost two years later, the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) has now confirmed on 16 January 2018 (docket-number: 7 AZR 312/16), that the established practice of employing professional soccer players only on a fixed-term basis …

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Hurdles at the temporal limits of work contracts – When is a fixed-term contract valid?

In practice, fixed-term contracts lead to practical problems in a large number of cases. On the one hand, this is because they demand a variety of formalities (see our article from July 24 ). On the other hand, however, it is even more difficult to determine whether it is possible to limit the work contract temporarily at all. Both a limitation with and without reason are acknowledged. Both are apparent from the directive 1999/70/EC concerning …

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Employee’s request for fixed-term employment narrowly interpreted

Entering into a valid fixed-term contract can be a bit of a challenge under German law. Under the Fixed Term and Part-Time Employment Act (TzBfG), one of the reasons which may be used to justify a fixed-term contract is that there are reasons relating to the circumstances of the particular employee. A recent case decided by the Federal Labour Court shows that these reasons will be narrowly interpreted (judgment dated 18 January 2017, docket number …

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Beware of invalid temporal limits of work contracts

The agreement on a time limit for the employment contract is a practice frequently used in Germany, in order to escape the restrictions on the right to protection. Caution is, however, required, since a fixed term is only permitted under special statutory conditions. On the one hand, it is necessary to examine whether there is a material reason for the limitation or if the special conditions for an unconditional limitation, which are strictly limited, are …

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Ins and Outs re Notice Periods and Fixed-Term Contracts

Fixed-Term Contracts under German Law In Thursday’s blog, we talked about notice periods under German law. Today’s contribution will focus on fixed-term employment contracts. Can a fixed-term contract be concluded orally? No, the specific duration of the employment contract needs to be put in writing, with employer and employee signing. Oral agreements will lead to a contract with indefinite duration. Is an objective ground always required for a fixed-term contract? No, a fixed-term contract can …

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