Fixed-term employment

Crowdworkers are not employees under German Labour Law

Crowdworkers are not considered employees under German labour law under a ruling by the Higher Regional Labour Court of Munich on 4 December 2019 (docket number: 8 Sa 146/19). What are Crowdworkers? Crowdworkers are persons to whom so-called microjobs are offered via an Internet platform which they then carry out independently, if they accept the …

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(Not) nice seeing you again? Federal Labour Court decides on fixed-term employment

The problem In the year 2018 8,3 % of all German employees worked on the basis of a fixed term employment contract. Various rules apply to this kind of employment and breaching one of them often leads to the employment contract being indefinite. One of the most important rules is the time limit on fixed-term …

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Change of case law for time limit contracts – Time limit without reason in case of previous employment always inadmissible

  I. General Problems of time limit contracts The agreement on a time limit for the employment contract often leads to problems in practical use. Caution is, however, required, since a fixed term is only permitted under special statutory conditions. If these reasons are not available and nevertheless a – impermissible – time limit is …

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Fixed-term employment contract for actor in crime series – justified due to the specific characteristics of the work performance

According to the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) the employment contract of an actor in a crime series can be fixed-term according to Section 14 para 1 sentence 2 no. 4 of the German Part-Time Employment Act given the factual reason of the specific characteristics of the work as an actor (dated 30 August 2017, …

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Limitation of the extension of an employment relationship beyond the statutory age limit is permissible

The European Court of Justice has ruled that the limitation of the extension of an employment relationship beyond the statutory age limit is permissible and does not constitutes an abuse of fixed-term employment contracts. The case: A teacher in Bremen had reached the statutory retirement age and, according to the applicable collective bargaining agreement, the …

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Peak performances of professional soccer player up to retirement not to be expected

In February 2016 we reported on a ruling of the Higher Labour Court Rheinland-Pfalz (Landesarbeitsgericht, LAG) in regard to a case of a goalkeeper who sued his former Bundesliga soccer club for unlimited employment and payment of missed bonuses (https://blogs.dlapiper.com/employmentgermany/2016/02/18/no-second-bosman-total-relief-at-bundesliga/). Almost two years later, the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) has now confirmed on 16 …

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Hurdles at the temporal limits of work contracts – When is a fixed-term contract valid?

In practice, fixed-term contracts lead to practical problems in a large number of cases. On the one hand, this is because they demand a variety of formalities (see our article from July 24 ). On the other hand, however, it is even more difficult to determine whether it is possible to limit the work contract …

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Employee’s request for fixed-term employment narrowly interpreted

Entering into a valid fixed-term contract can be a bit of a challenge under German law. Under the Fixed Term and Part-Time Employment Act (TzBfG), one of the reasons which may be used to justify a fixed-term contract is that there are reasons relating to the circumstances of the particular employee. A recent case decided …

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Beware of invalid temporal limits of work contracts

The agreement on a time limit for the employment contract is a practice frequently used in Germany, in order to escape the restrictions on the right to protection. Caution is, however, required, since a fixed term is only permitted under special statutory conditions. On the one hand, it is necessary to examine whether there is …

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Ins and Outs re Notice Periods and Fixed-Term Contracts

Fixed-Term Contracts under German Law In Thursday’s blog, we talked about notice periods under German law. Today’s contribution will focus on fixed-term employment contracts. Can a fixed-term contract be concluded orally? No, the specific duration of the employment contract needs to be put in writing, with employer and employee signing. Oral agreements will lead to …

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