Tag Archive: discrimination

Discriminatory job advertisement – No claim for damages if applicant was not “seriously” applying for the job

If an applicant applies for a job solely to bring a claim then he will have no claim for damages, even if the job advertisement violates the General Act on Equal Treatment (judgement of the Munich labour court dated 24 November 2016, docket number 173 C 8860/16). A company advertised a voluntary job at a …

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New Act on Remuneration Transparency

Following up our blog post from December 19, 2016 where we reported about a legislative proposal to promote equal pay between women and men, the Remuneration Transparency Act has now entered into force. Arguing that women still earn 7 % less than men even if statistics account for women frequently working part-time, less often climbing …

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Employer May Ban Employees From Wearing Headscarves

In a recent ruling made on March 14, 2017, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) decided (docket nos. C-157/15, C-188/15) that employers may prohibit staff from wearing Islamic headscarves under certain circumstances. The ECJ held that such prohibitions do not constitute “direct discrimination”; instead, limits on visible religious wear shall be considered permitted under EU …

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Remuneration Transparency Act: A look ahead

The coalition committee set the outline for a Remuneration Transparency Act in October 2016, thereby affirming that the current gender pay gap between men and women is no longer acceptable. The Act is planned to come into force in summer 2017. The draft law expressly states that it aims to promote and enforce the equal …

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Too fat to work? 200kg employee is fighting against his dismissal

On June 27, 2016 the Higher Labour Court (Landesarbeitsgericht Düsseldorf, docket number 7 Sa 120/16) had to decide whether the termination of employment of a man weighing 200 kg is justified. The defendant worked in a landscaping, civil engineering and canal construction business. Besides the plaintiff, who has worked for the defendant since 1985, the …

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Failure of a public employer to invite a severely disabled individual to a job interview does not always indicate an unlawful discrimination

Sec. 82 sentence 2 of Volume IX of the German Social Code (SGB IX) states that if a severely disabled person has applied for a job with a public employer or they have been suggested by the Federal Labour Office (Bundesagentur für Arbeit), they must be invited to an interview. Failure to invite a severely …

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EU anti-discrimination law does not apply to artificial applications

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled on 28 July 2016 (docket number: C-423/15) that a person cannot claim discrimination protection if the person is artificially applying for a post with the essential aim of not actually taking up that post but only in order to bring claims for compensation. The plaintiff (Mr Kratzer) has …

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Can someone be dismissed for wearing an Islamic head scarf?

According to an Advocate General’s opinion to the European Court of Justice (dated 13 July 2016, C-188/15 Bougnaoui and ADDH v. Microple SA) a company policy requiring an employee to remove her Islamic headscarf when in contact with clients constitutes unlawful direct discrimination. Ms Bougnaoui is a Muslim woman who was employed as a design …

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A company’s early retirement scheme does not constitute discrimination under the Equal Treatment Act

The Federal Labour Court (BAG) ruled in March (docket no.: 8 AZR 677/14) that a company’s early retirement pension scheme does not violate the German Equal Treatment Act if the employee is free in his decision to accept the offer. In this case the employer offered within early retirement scheme which provided that the employee …

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Damages for harassment at the workplace

Unfair treatment at the workplace only qualifies as harassment if it based on continuing hostile and discriminatory behavior that follows a purpose not protected by the legal system and infringes on an individual’s personality or similar rights (judgment by the Higher Labour Court (Landesarbeitsgericht, LAG) Rheinland-Pfalz, 30 November 2015, docket no. 3 Sa 371/15). In …

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