Tag Archive: anti-discrimination

The objective suitability of an applicant is no condition for discrimination

The Federal Labor Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht) decided on 19 May 2016 (docket no. 8 AZR 470/14) that an applicant, who is not objectively suitable for the advertised position, is nevertheless in a comparable situation or comparable position within the meaning of sec. 3 para. 1 and 2 of the General Equal Treatment Act (Allgemeines Gleichbehandlungsgesetz – …

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Equal Pay Act – A prospect

The coalition committee set the outline for an Equal Pay Act on 6 October 2016, thereby affirming that the current gender pay gap between men and women is no longer acceptable. Moreover, the Equal Pay Act should support families with a low income. According to official statistics the wages of female employees are currently about …

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Failure of a public employer to invite a severely disabled individual to a job interview does not always indicate an unlawful discrimination

Sec. 82 sentence 2 of Volume IX of the German Social Code (SGB IX) states that if a severely disabled person has applied for a job with a public employer or they have been suggested by the Federal Labour Office (Bundesagentur für Arbeit), they must be invited to an interview. Failure to invite a severely …

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Can someone be dismissed for wearing an Islamic head scarf?

According to an Advocate General’s opinion to the European Court of Justice (dated 13 July 2016, C-188/15 Bougnaoui and ADDH v. Microple SA) a company policy requiring an employee to remove her Islamic headscarf when in contact with clients constitutes unlawful direct discrimination. Ms Bougnaoui is a Muslim woman who was employed as a design …

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Direct discrimination on grounds of transsexualism shall constitute discrimination within the meaning of section 1 of the General Equal Treatment Act (Allgemeiner Gleichbehandlungsgrundsatz – AGG)

Transsexuality as such does not belong to the characteristics which are listed in the General Equal Treatment Act (AGG), to which the prohibition on discrimination applies. However, the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht) decided on 17 December 2015 (docket number: 8 AZR 421/14) that transsexuality can fall within the scope of the listed characteristic of “gender” …

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Damages and injury award because of lower wages for female workers

On 28 October 2015, the Higher Labour Court (Landesarbeitsgericht, LAG) Rhineland-Palatinate (October 28, 2015 – docket number: 4 Sa 12/14) decided that an employer who pays female employees less than their male counterparts is liable to pay the difference in damages plus a compensation award. Any employers not complying with the “equal job – equal …

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Damages for harassment at the workplace

Unfair treatment at the workplace only qualifies as harassment if it based on continuing hostile and discriminatory behavior that follows a purpose not protected by the legal system and infringes on an individual’s personality or similar rights (judgment by the Higher Labour Court (Landesarbeitsgericht, LAG) Rheinland-Pfalz, 30 November 2015, docket no. 3 Sa 371/15). In …

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The exclusion of late married spouses from the provision for dependents is discrimination on the grounds of age

The Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) ruled on 4 August 2015 (docket number 3 AZR 137/13) that an exclusion from the provision for dependents can be a discrimination on the ground of age, if there are further unjustified conditions. In the present case a widow claimed against the former employer of her deceased husband to …

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How serious are you with your job application?

The Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht) had to deal with this question in the case at hand (docket number 8 AZR 848/ 13(A)) and made a reference to the European Court of Justice (Europäischer Gerichtshof) for a preliminary ruling. The plaintiff, who had been a fully qualified lawyer since 2001 and worked in this field for …

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Discriminatory dismissals invalid even in small operations

Following a recent judgment by the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG), discriminatory dismissals will also be invalid in small operations in which the strict rules protecting employees against dismissals do not apply (judgment dated 23 July 2015, docket number 6 AZR 457/14). In the case at hand, the plaintiff, an employee, worked in a doctor’s …

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