Category Archive: Sickness

Extraordinary termination due to feigning incapacity for work

On 7 July 2017 the State Labour Court in Cologne (docket number 4 Sa 936/16) decided that a strong suspicion that an incapacity for work is feigned, is sufficient to justify a termination for good cause, in the course of a dismissal on grounds of suspicion, even though a certificate of incapacity exists. In general …

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Threat to commit suicide or to run amok can justify a dismissal for cause with immediate effect

On 29 June 2017 the Federal Labour Court decided that a serious threat of committing suicide or to run amok can be a compelling reason to terminate an employment relationship for cause with immediate effect if the employee thereby seeks to exert pressure on the employer (docket number 2 AZR 47/16). The employee and later …

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Leaving the workplace to take care of a sick dog can lead to termination

The Higher Labour Court Nuremberg (Landesarbeitsgericht Nürnberg, docket number 5 Sa 59/17) ruled on 21 July 2016, that leaving the workplace to take care of a sick dog can lead to termination. The Higher Labour Court confirmed the respective decision of the Labour Court Nürnberg (Arbeitsgericht). The defendant as an employer operates a pipe cleaning …

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An incapacitated employee should be given extended time to give a statement prior to a termination on spec

According to a decision of the state labour court of Berlin-Brandenburg, an employee must be given extended time to give a statement regarding a termination on spec, if they are unable to work due to ongoing sickness over a long period of time (docket number: 10 Sa 378/16). The severely disabled employee worked as an …

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Sick is sick

The Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) ruled on 2 November 2016 (docket number: 10 AZR 596/15) that an employee who is incapable of work for health reasons does not need to come into the office for a personnel meeting requested by the employer. In this case the employer called the sick employee into the office twice …

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Continued remuneration during outpatient care

On 25 May 2016 the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, docket number 5 AZR 298/15) ruled that employees on statutory insurance have a claim against their employer for continued remuneration during preventative outpatient care, if it is carried out with the approval of the social service provider in a facility for medical prevention or rehabilitation within …

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Who has the burden of proof regarding the claim for continued payment of compensation in case of sickness?

According to German law, employees are entitled to six weeks’ paid sick leave. If the employee continues to be ill due to the same underlying illness, the six-week period will recommence, so long as six months have passed since the end of the employee’s last sick leave, or if one year has passed since the …

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Ordinary termination of employment due to sickness

A decision of the German Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht) on 13 May 2015 considered an employer’s termination of an employment contract based on personal reasons (the employee’s long term sickness absence) where there was no prior operational integration management (betriebliches Eingliederungsmanagement). The German Federal Labour Court indicated that the requirement on the employer to prove …

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Only once is once too often

The Higher Labor Court Hesse (Landesarbeitsgericht Hessen) ruled on 23 March 2015 (ref. no. 16 Sa 646/14) that handing the employer an intentionally manipulated sick note can justify an extraordinary dismissal even if the employment relationship lasts for more than 23 years without significant misconduct. In this case the employee, a mother of 2 children …

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Minimum wage even for non-working time – a signal from the German Federal Labour Court

The new Minimum Wage Act (Mindestlohngesetz (MiLoG)) raises a number of questions including how to deal with lost working time due to public holidays, sick leave or annual leave. Does the employer need to pay the statutory minimum wage for such non-working time? It may take a while until the Federal Labour Court clarifies these …

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