Category Archive: Religious Belief

Ramadan – Impact on the employment relationship?

Ramadan is a challenge for both employers and employees alike, e.g. if employees do not perform as usual because of their daily fasting. The ever-changing period of the fasting month falls between 27 May and 24 June this year. For a month Muslims abstain from eating food between five o’clock in the morning and nine …

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Headscarfs in Nurseries

The German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) ruled on 18 October 2016 that a general prohibition on wearing a headscarf which applied to a teacher in a local nursery violates the constitutional right of freedom of belief (docket number: 1 BvR 354/11).   The appellant wore a headscarf as a symbol of her Muslim belief during …

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Head scarfs at work?

Once again the federal labour court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) had to decide whether an employer may ban female employees from wearing head scarfs during working hours. The plaintiff, a woman of Islamic faith, had been employed by the defendant, a Protestant hospital, since 1996. She was a nurse. The employment contract referred to the working conditions …

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Dismissal for living in accordance with one’s religious belief?

According to Muslim faith, Muslims shall – regardless of their place of residence – participate in a pilgrimage to Mekka at least once in their lifetime. In line with this, a German employee of Muslim faith wanted to participate in a pilgrimage to Mekka and therefore requested (paid) leave of absence for five weeks. However, the …

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