Category Archive: Pension

Employee’s request for fixed-term employment narrowly interpreted

Entering into a valid fixed-term contract can be a bit of a challenge under German law. Under the Fixed Term and Part-Time Employment Act (TzBfG), one of the reasons which may be used to justify a fixed-term contract is that there are reasons relating to the circumstances of the particular employee. A recent case decided …

Continue reading »

Occupational Pensions: Deteriorating replacement of a works agreement in the course of a transfer of business

By judgment of 08.02.2017 (4 Sa 34/16) the Regional Labour Court Baden-Württemberg has ruled that an occupational pension scheme can be worsened by a transfer of business in accordance with § 613a of the German Civil Code (BGB) if a works agreement existing at the seller is replaced by a less favorable works agreement existing …

Continue reading »

Occupational Pensions: Clause of general terms and conditions according to which only a “present” wife of an employee is entitled to survivors’ benefits can constitute inadmissible disadvantage

By judgment of 21.02.2017 (3 AZR 297/15) the Federal Labor Court has ruled that a clause in general terms and conditions according to which only a “present” wife of an employee is entitled to a survivor’s pension constitutes an unreasonable disadvantage for the employee and therefore is invalid according to § 307 para (1) sentence …

Continue reading »

Federal Labor Court has tightened legal requirements concerning a special procedure regarding the calculation of vested pension entitlements (so-called “insurance contract solution” (“versicherungsvertragliche Lösung”))

By judgment of 19 Mai 2016 (BAG, docket number 3 AZR 794/14), the Federal Labor Court has ruled that an employer’s choice in favor of the so-called “insurance contract solution” – which is a special procedure for calculating vested pension entitlements – requires in every single case a new corresponding declaration to the employee and …

Continue reading »

No discrimination of disabled people in case of reduction of occupational pensions because of prematurely claiming

By judgment of 13 October 2016 (BAG, docket number 3 AZR 439/15), the Federal Labour Court ruled that a reduction of occupational pension payments due to prematurely claiming prior to reaching the fixed retirement age as provided for in the pension plan does not constitute discrimination on grounds of disability according to the German General …

Continue reading »

Employer’s subsidiary liability for occupational pension payments

By judgement of 20 September 2016 (BAG, docket number 3 AZR 302/15), the Federal Labour Court ruled that an employer is liable for occupational pension payments, where the pension payments have been granted on the basis of a collective agreement and the implementation via an external pension provider could not take place during the vesting …

Continue reading »

Requirements concerning pension adjustments

By judgment of 7 June 2016 (BAG, docket number 3 AZR 193/15), the Federal Labour Court ruled that an employer is allowed to refuse pension adjustments due to economic reasons, where the employer is not able to continue generating a sufficient equity yield rate or has a lack of equity capital. The parties were in …

Continue reading »

Interpretation of invalid works agreements as “individual pension grants with collective nature”

The German Federal Labour Court has ruled that a legally invalid works agreement on pensions can be interpreted as ” individual pension grants with collective nature” (“Gesamtzusage”). This is in accordance with sec. 140 of the German Civil Code (German Federal Labour Court – Bundesarbeitsgericht, 23 February 2016,  ref.no. 3 AZR 960/13). The court had to decide …

Continue reading »

A company’s early retirement scheme does not constitute discrimination under the Equal Treatment Act

The Federal Labour Court (BAG) ruled in March (docket no.: 8 AZR 677/14) that a company’s early retirement pension scheme does not violate the German Equal Treatment Act if the employee is free in his decision to accept the offer. In this case the employer offered within early retirement scheme which provided that the employee …

Continue reading »

“Late marriage” clause in pension schemes is an age discrimination

A “late marriage” clause that requires for payment of the survivor’s pension that the employee, entitled to pension benefits, was getting married before reaching the age of 60 is invalid according sec. 7 para. 2 of the General Equal Treatment Act (AGG). This was decided by the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) on 4 August …

Continue reading »

Older posts «