Monthly Archive: February 2016

Circus artists: Employees or independent contractors?

The Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) ruled on 11 August 2015 (docket number 9 AZR 98/14) that where an activity agreed by contract may typically be performed in an employment relationship as well as by an independent contractor, the decision of the parties regarding the type of contract has to be considered as part of the necessary overall balance …

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Browser history analysis without specific employee consent

An employee’s entitlement to privacy and data protection in the workplace is one of the most frequently discussed topics in employment law. Many employers allow, or at least tolerate, private internet use in the workplace to a reasonable extent. If the employer instead opts to prohibit all personal use of internet in the workplace, an …

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No Second Bosman – Total Relief at Bundesliga

The Higher Labour Court Rheinland-Pfalz (Landesarbeitsgericht, LAG) ruled on February 17, 2016 (docket number 4 Sa 202/15) that the established practice of employing professional football players on a fixed-term basis does not violate German employment laws. Whereas usually decisions of a Labour Court take only notice at a certain audience, these days such a ruling is …

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Better not Bend the Truth!

On 16 July 2015, the Federal State Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht) ruled that an employer must inform the works council thoroughly and honestly about the circumstances which actually determined its decision to terminate an employment relationship (docket number: 2 AZR 15/15). In the case at hand, an employee was dismissed due to illness. According to the …

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Ordinary termination of employment due to sickness

A decision of the German Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht) on 13 May 2015 considered an employer’s termination of an employment contract based on personal reasons (the employee’s long term sickness absence) where there was no prior operational integration management (betriebliches Eingliederungsmanagement). The German Federal Labour Court indicated that the requirement on the employer to prove …

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Compliance investigations and the two-week exclusionary period for immediate dismissal for cause

The successful management and timing of compliance investigations requires careful consideration of the statutory two-week exclusionary period for immediate dismissal for cause of employees involved in any compliance violations.   In German law, an immediate dismissal for cause is only valid and legally effective if the competent works council was duly heard and the written dismissal …

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Equal treatment regarding special premium for waiver of an action

The Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) ruled on 8 December 2015 (docket number 1 AZR 595/14) that a works agreement on special premium dependent on renunciation of suing for dismissal protection may not exclude employees who are employed otherwise after their dismissal and do not initiate dismissal protection proceedings. The plaintiff is an official (“Beamter“). In case …

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